How to maintain your computer performance
Most suitable for Window PC
A properly maintained computer will provide you with substantially higher speeds, both online, and offline, regardless of your hardware setup and configurations.
Overheating, due to the dust that accumulates around fans and accessories, is considered one of the most common causes of damage to computers. In order to maintain the proper functioning of the computer’s cooling system, the computer’s interior must be cleaned every three months. Also, the amount of free space on your system hard drive and the presence of malware (eg spyware) can dramatically affect the performance of your computer. In this article, you will find instructions on how to maintain a computer properly to ensure optimum performance.
The second law of thermodynamics states that all systems degrade over time, but here are a few tips on how to delay the inevitability
1. Clean out all the junk left behind by browsers
To do this, you can use the Disk Cleanup utility included on Windows, or you can download a freeware program such as CCleaner to do it for you. In Linux, you can use Kleansweep or Bleachbit. Cookies and cache left behind by browsers can add up to gigabytes of wasted space, so it is imperative they’re deleted.
2. Search for and destroy spyware and/or viruses on your PC
There is a myriad of tools available to do this. Avast is a good one to use.
3. Defrag your hard drive to keep your computer running smoothly
Windows XP and up include a utility to do this, and Windows Vista and up will automatically defrag your hard drive once a week.
4. Uninstall unused software programs
Uninstall programs you no longer use and delete music you no longer listen to. You’ll be surprised how much space you’ll free up.
5. Control what programs are allowed to run at startup
This can greatly reduce your startup times.
In Windows 8 and 10, open the task manager, then select the Startup tab.
On Windows XP, Vista, and 7, open command prompt, then type “msconfig”. Once msconfig opens, then select the Startup tab.
CCleaner also has a feature that allows you to do the same thing (Tools—>Startup).
6. Use your computer’s disk management systems
For Windows, select Performance and Maintenance and then choose “Rearrange items on your hard disk…” and “Free up space on your hard disk.”
For Mac, go to the Applications Folder, select Utility Folder then launch Disk Utility.
7. Protect from power surge or unprecedented power outage
Always run your computer on a UPS as this will help protect it from electric surges. Phone lines for modems and cat 5 or cat 6 network lines also need surge suppression as they can and will take out your network card or modem in an electric storm.
8. Clean your computer
Your computer can grow dusty in less than a year, depending on where it is stored. Open it up depending on how dusty your house is. If it’s not too dusty, then check every few months, but if it’s super dusty (your house), then be much more proactive about it. Remove the dust on the bottom with a vacuum (or cloth), then spray with compressed canned air. Pay special attention to the CPU heat sink and CPU fan. Hold the fan still while spraying it as you can cause it to spin out and on reboot, it may have more noise. Spray the intakes to the Power supply fan also. Since you have the cover off reboot and listen for noisy fans make sure all fans are working. Replace the fan if it stops spinning or starts making an unnatural sound or you can try to lubricate the bearing, this might help.
9. Always connect peripherals correctly
Be careful when plugging in USB, Ethernet, speakers, printer, etc. into your computer. Ports such as USB and Ethernet can easily be damaged from careless placement. These repairs can be costly, and these ports are a necessity.
10. Keep your computer personal
As the name implies, it’s a personal item you don’t want to share with anyone.